A key factor in preventing age related macular degeneration is the awareness of modifiable risk factors. Smoking and an unbalanced diet are major, modifiable risk factors. The good news is that studies show that “past smokers have a risk of developing AMD that is closer to that of nonsmokers. This is a good incentive for people to stop smoking,” said Dr. Tien Wong, director of the Singapore Eye Research Institute. He recommends a diet high in fiber with a good balance of vegetables and fish and an avoidance of fatty food and red meats.